Seed is the first link in the food chain. Seed sovereignty is the foundation of food sovereignty. If farmers do not have their own seed or access to open-pollinated varieties that they can save, improve or exchange, then they have no seed sovereignty and, of course, as a consequence no food sovereignty.

The deepening food crisis has its roots in changes in the seed supply system, and the erosion of seed diversity and seed sovereignty.

Seed sovereignty includes farmers’ rights to save, breed and exchange seed, to have access to diverse open-source seeds that can be saved and that are not patented, ...


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